[Face-research-list] [Face-Research-List] New Tests to Measure Individual Differences in Matching and Labelling Facial Expressions of Emotion, and Their Association with Ability to Recognise Vocal Emotions and Facial Identity
romina.palermo.aus at gmail.com
Sun Jun 30 07:10:42 BST 2013
Dear face people,
I'm emailing because we have developed some new facial expression recognition tests that are suitable for measuring individual differences (i.e., valid, reliable, wide range of scores and no ceiling or floor effects). One test measures expression perception (an odd-man-out matching task in which participants select which one of three faces displays a different expression) and the other one additionally requires explicit identification of the emotion (a labelling task in which participants select one of six verbal labels).
The PLoS One paper that describes the development of the tests and associated supplementary material can be downloaded from: http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0068126
Please feel free to email me if you'd like the tests or further information.
Citation: Palermo R, O’Connor KB, Davis JM, Irons J, McKone E (2013) New Tests to Measure Individual Differences in Matching and Labelling Facial Expressions of Emotion, and Their Association with Ability to Recognise Vocal Emotions and Facial Identity. PLoS ONE 8(6): e68126. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0068126
Although good tests are available for diagnosing clinical impairments in face expression processing, there is a lack of strong tests for assessing “individual differences” – that is, differences in ability between individuals within the typical, nonclinical, range. Here, we develop two new tests, one for expression perception (an odd-man-out matching task in which participants select which one of three faces displays a different expression) and one additionally requiring explicit identification of the emotion (a labelling task in which participants select one of six verbal labels). We demonstrate validity (careful check of individual items, large inversion effects, independence from nonverbal IQ, convergent validity with a previous labelling task), reliability (Cronbach’s alphas of.77 and.76 respectively), and wide individual differences across the typical population. We then demonstrate the usefulness of the tests by addressing theoretical questions regarding the structure of face processing, specifically the extent to which the following processes are common or distinct: (a) perceptual matching and explicit labelling of expression (modest correlation between matching and labelling supported partial independence); (b) judgement of expressions from faces and voices (results argued labelling tasks tap into a multi-modal system, while matching tasks tap distinct perceptual processes); and (c) expression and identity processing (results argued for a common first step of perceptual processing for expression and identity).
Romina Palermo, PhD
Associate Professor, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia
| ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition and its Disorders
Follow the CCD Person Perception Node: https://twitter.com/PersonPercept
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